Meteorite Solves Age Old Martian puzzle
In a major discovery released in the scientific journal Nature, Royal Ontario Museum curator Dr. Kim Tait and colleagues have solved an age old riddle in geologic history of Mars. The study involved a Martian meteorite, from the ROM’s collection, named NWA 5298. It was found that this space rock started as a 200 million-year-old lava flow on Mars. This conclusion has settled a long standing debate about the age of this type of Martian meteorite and indicates that at least some of the Martian surface is young – by geologic standards. Full details can be found in the paper titled, “Solving the Martian meteorite age conundrum using micro-baddeleyite and launch-generated zircon.”
The team conducted geochronogical testing on tiny crystals found in NWA 5298 by examining the precise composition of these crystals.
“With the ROM’s capacity and expertise in the field of Martian meteorites, research carried out on NWA 5298 was a timely opportunity for The Museum’s Mineralogy department to further expand our expertise and to collaborate with international colleagues. Through this study published in Nature, we have unlocked an important key towards understanding the application of geochronology and of the Red Planet itself,” said Dr. Kim Tait, ROM Curator, Mineralogy.
With the team’s research findings, Tait and her colleagues provide a much clearer picture of the Red Planet’s evolution that can now be compared to that of the Earth and other rocky planets in our Solar System and beyond.
The team, comprised of scientists from the ROM, the University of Western Ontario, the University of Wyoming, University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of Portsmouth, also discovered crystals that grew while the meteorite was launched from Mars towards Earth. This discovery, allows them to narrow down the timing to less than 20 million years ago while also identifying possible launch locations on the flanks of the supervolcanoes at the Martian equator.
Discovered in March of 2008 in Northwest Africa, and acquired by the ROM in 2009, NWA 5298 is a part of the ROM’s meteorite collection; one of the largest in the world.
This newly released research based on NWA 5298 coincides with the confirmed acquisition of the newest addition to the ROM’s mineralogy collection. Known as NWA 7042, this meteorite is also a Martian meteorite found in Northwest Africa, and an important new addition to the Museum’s Mineralogy department.
NWA 7042 is the fourth largest single mass shergottite in existence and the fifth largest among all known Martian meteors. Shergottites are similar to basaltic rocks found on Earth. It is also one of about only 70 distinct Martian meteorites that have been confirmed.
Weighing 2.98 kilograms, NWA 7042 will be the centre piece of the ROM’s already impressive display of meteorites from the Red Planet and will enhance the ROM’s visitor experience. The remarkable NWA 7042 specimen is now the 15th Martian meteorite in the Museum’s collection, placing the ROM alongside Washington D.C.’s Smithsonian Institution, and the National Institute for Polar Research in Japan, in terms of total numbers of Martian main masses (the largest piece of a given meteorite). NWA 7042, along with NWA 5298 and the many other main masses of Martian meteorites at the ROM, are another important contribution towards ROM research. This acquisition was made possible thanks to funding from the Louise Hawley Stone Trust.
ROM visitors can view these Martian rocks as part of a collection which is currently on display in the Teck Suite of Galleries: Earth’s Treasures on Level 2 of the Weston Family Wing for a limited time.
“I am excited about securing the NWA 7042 as part of the ROM’s Martian meteorite collection,” said Tait. “This is important for us in ROM Mineralogy toward our continued study of Mars itself and the solar system at large, as well as providing an advanced understanding of Martian formation and evolution of Mars.”
Upcoming from ROM Earth Sciences
At present, the ROM’s Earth Sciences section is involved in a number of groundbreaking studies focused on Mars. These include providing critical samples of Martian meteorites which will help to interpret scientific data, as collected by the Mars rover Curiosity. Curiosity saw a significant contribution of Canadian support and scientific expertise by way of design, piloting and research.
- The Story of Martian Meteorite NWA 5298
- Martian Meteorite NWA 7042
- A Day For Planet Mars and Space Science!
- Saturday November 30: Mars Day at the Museum!
- Original post published on July 24, 2013 and found HERE.
- Kim Tait with Martian Meteorite: By ROM, 2013.
- Martian Meteorite NWA 5298: By ROM, 2013
- Mars: By NASA/JPL/MSSS [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
Guest post written by ROM Communications. Last update: January 3, 2014.
This is so rad!
She was so cute back then I don’t understand why she got work done
Kim has actually spoke on it. its stemmed from self hate and the black men who have been in her life. she said something along the lines of herself (who she is) not being enough for them, she internalized over the years as many young black women do and thats she started with the surgeries. our skin is too dark, we arent light enough. our noses are too wide, our hair is not long enough, straight enough or we dont have that right curl pattern. its a lot to deal with.
Think about the fact that she was in love with Biggie, and he married Faith, while he was still having sex with Kim.
Are we going to dismiss the constant abuse she had experienced?
Her father was very strict, an ex military sergeant, who was so distant towards Kim & her brother she didn’t see him as a father, she experience him hitting her, her mother. She once stabbed him with scissors as he repeatedly was hitting her mother.
Biggie smalls was nothing better, he was very controlling and abusive. Kim loved him to death, she wore those big glasses because he gave her multiple black eyes & at one point choked her then put a gun to her head. He constantly made fun of Kim’s nose , He was so possessive and controlling her forced Kim to get an abortion when she was pregnant with his child.
Damion ‘world’ hardy was the worst. He was labelled ‘bipolar’ and possessive. Damion cheated on Kim multiple times throughout there relationship with lighter women and ‘exotic’ women. He’s mentally unstable, and is currently serving life in prison due to 6 MURDER charges. Damion was so unstable he had reportedly beaten kim over a game of checkers. He broke Kim’s nose TWO Times, second time was when she was still healing from the first. internally bruised her face causing mass blood clots, he also caused clots on her back and head.
People just jump to conclusions, there’s a reasoning for her change, that comes from a deep and dark place.
I hate that, when people she ‘why did she do this to herself’ , ‘she should of stopped, now she fucked up her face.’ we all know kim has had surgery, she is NOT hiding it or denying it. From being mocked and made fun of by hector extravaganza about her breasts to fellow female rappers, media and people in general How does that make you better than any of the ones who abused her? It still fucking hurts. She’s a human being.
Above from fuckyeslilkim proves to you just how deep her reasoning goes for it.
People ask how she can be an idol to people?
She is such a strong woman, with her being homeless living in a car with her mother, to making an empire for herself, to making music that empowers topics such a - Feminism, Equality in Women & LGBT She stands up for things others are and were.Lil’ Kim Started a foundation and organization that helped abuse victims and women who have been in abusive relationships.
Listen to her music, Her music is not all sexual.
" These next few lines it to you women abusers
Last nigga I was wit… straight fuckin’ loser
Niggas think ‘cuz you give ‘em ya heart
They can… dissect it and rip it apart
Mm-mm, not I, one nigga’s in my eye
Payback’s a motherfucker, put that on the Stuy
You lost a good bitch nigga you can’t front
Lil’ Kim is EVERYthing a man could EVER want
And that’s real” - Heavenly Father
“Oh how it hurts, like child birth
The wounds heal slow, you just don’t know
At times, I don’t know what to say
And all I do is pray, day to day
But still, I feel my strength might die
Like right now, I’m tryin’ hard not to cry
Even when I close my eyes, I still see it
Damn, I just don’t believe it
The bad times I buried, like the cemetery
Unworthy people playin’ beneficiaries
A lotta people eatin’ off of one man’s death
Don’t you worry B.I., I’ma ride to my last breath “ - Hold On
She empowers people in situations she experienced aswell, you feel the power and emotion she felt throughout the song, Her loyalty is the best attributes to her. As she was prosecuted FOR not snitching on her friends, which in return they placed the blame on her.
Rather than other female rapper fans and other People attack her, Learn and take something away from this. You might see someone who has had a change in appearance and comment or laugh, but you have NO fucking idea what events lead to it.
this WHOLE post
Wow, I remember seeing her in magazines and advertisements…and I never heard anything about her accomplishments or her struggles. Thanks so much for setting the record straight.
Women of the KKK, 1923.
No one can honestly tell me that this isn’t something that looks like it is straight out of the demonic mind of a scary movie producer. Sadly, it’s not. This is a real photograph taken of the female KKK members in 1923 ( just incase you thought white women were innocent ). As I stare at this picture my heart mourns for every strong POC, no not just those of African diaspora because we all know the KKK despises all us POC, they lived during the arguably the worst time for POC in America. They had no laws that could protect them or even had the chance to defend themselves in court like what we are rightfully and deservingly given today. Take a moment to pray (whatever your religion) for the souls of those affected by pre desegregation. Take a moment to thank those who lost their sons, daughters, Etc in the fight to be able to walk outside in broad daylight and not get lynched. Will racism ever end? I don’t know, but what I do know is that no one should have to put up with it as an every day nightmare. No matter what your ethnicity is we MUST stick together, for together we are strong. I dream of a day these people may never hurt our children.
- Susie the Moderator
this shit looks like american horror story
it was the black american horror storyThis should serve as a reminder that white/Western women have been— and still are— by their men’s sides with regards to upholding and promoting white/Western-supremacy, white-entitlement/privilege, [neo]colonialism, imperialism, capitalism, xenophobia, war and classism. Contrary to what some white/Western feminists would have you believe white/Western women and girls *do* have privilege, even over MoC and men/boys of the “third-world”/Global South, and they are far from being these “damsels-in-distress” who were completely oblivious to what their fathers, husbands, brothers, etc. were doing. Hell, some were practically Lady MacBeths and complicit in the myriad of injustices their white/Western male counterparts were meting out to the rest of the world. PoC and people of the “third-world”/Global South have been murdered, executed and/or denied justice due to a white/Western woman’s words; ie: Emmett Till and all the Black men who were lynched and castrated because they supposedly “violated” a white woman. White/Western female privilege is just as oppressive and even lethal as white/Western male privilege.
They couldn’t look more like monsters if there was blood spattered all over them… At least they were easy to pick out though. You really have no idea who these people might be… Not that I’d like to go back to that time, obviously.
EDIT: Just so everyone who reblogs this from me knows, the-uncensored-she is a TERF.
Take note: Different forms of intimacy.
I would feel so bad washing this off, holy shit
You could take a bath afterward with the artist and they can wash it off for you so you don’t feel responsible for their work. But also, it could teach the same kind of patience and concept that nothing lasts forever, similarly to the Tibetan Buddhist sand mandala tradition. And it could be just another step in your process of intimacy. Just a thought.
I want to paint on someone holy shit.
Babe: You’re obligated to do this now.
man, would love to have the type of friendship with people where we could all sit around topless, babes and dudes, and just paint on each other, and drink a little and laugh a lot
bolding last comment since not everything that looks intimate doesn’t really have to be
I think this is one of those times where it might be awesome to differentiate between “intimate” and “erotic”?
It can be totally intimate and still completely platonic. Human realtionships can be wonderful like that.
(from the website above)[The Kim Sisters] were a South Korean trio who had a successful career in America during the 50’s and 60’s. To support their family during the Korean War, they performed songs for American GIs who then spread word of them after returning home. They were signed to a contract and went to the US, eventually performing 22 times on The Ed Sullivan Show.Can I just add how much I love that they were successful Asian-Americans in the mid-20th century? Also I’m glad vintage style inspiration isn’t spared for Asian women!